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Ultrasound Basics; How to read an ultrasound image

  
  
  

 

Have you ever looked at an ultrasound image and wondered “What” are you looking at? Ever wonder which end is up? When others are discussing Bull or Heifer, ovarian diagnosis, or metritis treatment are you still looking to decide “What” it is?? Well, if you feel left in the dark when it comes to ultrasound images…..let’s start back at the basics.


Ultrasound is a non-invasive, immediate tool used to image tissue. It will not penetrate bone (like an X-Ray). So the first step to help you read the ultrasound image is to be familiar with the anatomy that you are imaging.


Various body tissues conduct sound differently. Some tissues absorb sound waves while others reflect them. The density of the tissue dictates the speed at which the echoes return.

If you remember that FLUID is always BLACK and TISSUE is GRAY. The denser the tissue, is the brighter white it will appear in ultrasound the brightest white being bone.

ultrasound gray scale

     BONE                                  TISSUE                                                FLUID

 

 

Now, let’s look at a few images;

 bovine ultrasound, cattle ultrasound

 Bovine Ultrasound: Early Pregnancy

bovine ultrasound, heifer calf fetal sexing

Bovine Ultrasound: Heifer Calf

 13day equine pregnancy ultrasound

Equine Ultrasound: 13 day Pregnancy

 

sheep ultrasound

Sheep Ultrasound: 63 day pregnancy

 

 

Canine Ultrasound: Liver

 


Hopefully this will help you to “SEE” the ultrasound image. Remember, the more images you see the easier and clearer they will become.


Of course, choosing the right ultrasound equipment from a creditable company should also be an important decision. To learn more about the IBEX Portable Ultrasound watch this short video.

Ibex ultrasound video

 

Comments

Before few decades it was very hard to understand the diseases and complications during pregnancy because of lack of resources but now it is possible with the help of ultrasound programs. Ultrasound technicians are specialized professionals to detect the internal problems and complication with the help of ultrasound machines. Schools are there to teach the students about ultrasound training.
Posted @ Saturday, June 23, 2012 5:51 AM by Ultrasound class
hi freinds, i m 6weeks pregnent i want to read my ultrasound image.  
 
i am not aware in this . so can any one help me to understand this ultrasound image . 
 
thanks
Posted @ Thursday, July 12, 2012 2:57 AM by Tajinder Kaur
Tajinder, 
 
First, congratulations in your pregnancy!  
Although ultrasound is the same technology for humans and animals, E.I. Medical Imaging manufactures portable ultrasound for veterinary use.  
I'm sure your doctors and certified ultrasound technicians that perform your ultrasound will be able to explain all the details to you.  
Just remember the basics, Fluid is Black, Tissue is grey and bone is bright white. 
Best wishes, 
Mia
Posted @ Thursday, July 12, 2012 4:17 PM by Mia
whatdo kidney stones look like??? 
Posted @ Wednesday, August 29, 2012 10:08 AM by Bill Gast
Bill, 
Thank you for your comment. I don't have an image of a kidney stone handy at the moment, but here is a description of what to look for and I will try to post an image soon. 
Because kidney stones (as well as bladder stones) can be made of various substances, their appearance on ultrasound may vary a little. In general, however, they are seen as hyperechoic (bright white) spots due to their density, often times with black shadowing underneath because the ultrasound waves are not able to penetrate through the mineralization. 
I hope you find this helpful. 
E.I. Medical Imaging
Posted @ Thursday, August 30, 2012 11:12 AM by Mia
Hello, I had an ultrasound done yesterday and I am unsure how far along I am. I peeked at the screen, and saw on it (amongst many other letters and numbers I don't understand), "10wks". I am concerned. Does this mean I am excactly 10 weeks pregnant, or do they just write on a scale at the time before it is interpreted by a radiologist. Could it simply mean I am 1-10 weeks, or 5-10weeks, or just under 10weeks? Or does it mean I am exactly 10 weeks? I only ask because all that could be seen was the gestational sac. If I am only a few weeks, that's normal, but if I am 10 weeks, I feel I should be concerned about a blighted ovum. Help..?
Posted @ Thursday, September 06, 2012 3:00 PM by Krystle
Krystle, 
 
First, congratulations on your pregnancy. Because we are a manufacturer of portable ultrasound for veterinary use only, I recommend that you talk directly to your health care professionals. They will be able to answer all of your questions. 
 
Best regards, 
EIMI
Posted @ Thursday, September 06, 2012 3:36 PM by Mia
I would like to know how to read ultersound from A-z
Posted @ Sunday, July 14, 2013 7:52 PM by hassan
I would like to know how to read ultersound from A-Z
Posted @ Sunday, July 14, 2013 7:56 PM by hassan
Great! This is a interesting read. It's a very useful and informative information for me. Thanks for sharing this useful information.!!!!!
Posted @ Friday, July 19, 2013 6:02 PM by idealessay.co.uk
I am a veterinarian just starting a career in veterinary surgery in an African developing country. I want to get a short course in ultrasound and radiography.  
Do you have a better suggestion anywhere in USA or UK 
Thank you
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What does 4.2cm/40hz mean? Is that the size of the baby?
Posted @ Saturday, September 07, 2013 2:59 AM by stuart
Not all pregnant woman knows so well about ultrasound images. You have explained it quite well. Thanks for sharing! It is quite useful.
Posted @ Sunday, September 08, 2013 8:55 AM by Lisa
yeah it's good to know about on how to read ultrasound results so that everything would be that perfect. 
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